Explore the data

The test uses eight questions from the original survey to allocate users to a tribe. Explore the survey data to see how respondents answered in each country, and to find out more about the attitude profile of each tribe.

Question 1: Identity

‘I feel proud to be European.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: “How proud are you to be European”: Very proud; Quite proud; Not very proud; Not at all proud; You do not feel strongly either way; Don’t know/No answer. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 2: Immigration

‘Immigration has been good for my country.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: 'To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statement: “Immigration has been good for (COUNTRY)”: Scale: Strongly agree; Tend to agree; Neither agree nor disagree; Tend to disagree; Strongly disagree; Don’t know/No answer. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 3: Benefits of EU membership

‘People like me have benefited from EU membership.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: 'To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statement: “People like you have benefited from being a member of the European Union”: (One answer only): Strongly agree; Tend to agree; Neither agree nor disagree; Tend to disagree; Strongly disagree; Don’t know/no answer. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 4: Federalism

‘The EU should eventually become a United States of Europe.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: ‘To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “The European Union should become a United States of Europe with a central government”: (One answer only): Strongly agree; Tend to agree; Neither agree nor disagree; Tend to disagree; Strongly disagree; Don’t know/no answer’. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 5: Solidarity

‘In the EU, richer countries should financially support poorer countries.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: ‘And to what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “In the European Union, richer Member States should financially support poorer Member States”: (One answer only): Strongly agree; Tend to agree; Neither agree nor disagree; Tend to disagree; Strongly disagree; Don’t know/no answer’. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 6: Refugee policy

‘Every EU Member State should have to accept the same proportion of refugees.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: ‘Regarding the refugee crisis, which of the following statements comes closest to your view? (one answer only): Every European Union Member State should have to accept the same proportion of refugees according to their population size; Individual Member States should be able to decide what proportion of refugees they accept; No European Union Member state should have to accept any refugees; Don’t know/No answer’. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 7: More or less Europe

‘The EU should have more powers than it currently has.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: ‘Thinking about how the European Union should develop in the future, which of the following statements come closest to your view? (one answer only): The European Union should get more powers than it currently has; The European Union should have no more or less powers than it has now; The European Union should return some of its powers to individual Member States; Don’t know/No answer’. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

Question 8: Democracy

‘The EU is very democratic.’

By country

Net response

Disagree Agree

By tribe (probabilities)

Hesitant Europeans

Disagree Agree

Contented Europeans

Disagree Agree

EU Rejecters

Disagree Agree

Frustrated Pro-Europeans

Disagree Agree

Austerity Rebels

Disagree Agree

Federalists

Disagree Agree

*Original survey question: ‘How democratic do you think the European Union is? Using a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means that it is “not at all democratic” and 10 means that it is “very democratic”, what number on this scale best describes your position? (one answer only): 0 = not at all democratic; 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10 = very democratic; 11 = Don’t know/No answer’. Source: Chatham House/Kantar Public 2016.

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